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Natural Park ČÍŽOV
The park is situated on a steep slope on the right bank of a meander in the Sázava River opposite the village of Zbořený Kostelec. We can find interesting ecosystems on a fragmented relief with many significant flora and fauna species. The park is located on a steep fragmented slope at the confluence of the Sázava and Čakovický potok Rivers. The park stretches across a deep side-valley and a ridge with castle ruins of Zbořený Kostelec on its promontory. Around the park, there are both natural and artificial outcrops of rocks which originated from a metamorphosed island on the Central Bohemian Plateaux together with outcrops of boulder scree. The depth and quality of the soil cover depends on the mother rock and also the configuration of the terrain. Woodland soil type with the presence of skeletons prevails throughout the park.
The plant community is rich, ranging from prairie and warm condition loving species on open areas of rock outcrops through communities of warm loving oak wood and beech wood species to inversion valley stations. The following species may be found amongst the most important ones: Ostrich Fern, Narrow Leaf Helleborine, Polygonatum Odoratum, Bastard Balm.
To name but a few of the important fauna that live here we can list for instance the Common Dormouse, Wood Pigeon, Stock Owl, Black Woodpecker and also some rare species of Bark Beetle (e.g. Pytiophtorus Exculpus) and Anobium Beetle (Episernus Striatellus).
Various species usually found in dwarf oak woodlands near to rock prairie sites at the castle ruin, oak woodland with drying out, acid, fresh, rocky and acid type as far as gorge lime soil types, and also sycamore woodland species are represented in the local woodland vegetation. There are several exquisite individuals of Norway Spruce, that are considered to be the last remaining descendants of the autochthonous Sázava spruce and which are located in the inversion location of the Čakovický potok.
The woods, with an altered species community and presence of non-original species in this area, have been subject to forestry management. The long term aim pursued by the forestry management programme is to change the species composition gradually to a situation which is close to the presumed original species community while using local plants. The construction of the castle had a significant impact on the woods in its vicinity and it is likely that the surroundings of the castle used to be forest free and bare.
Cadastral area of Týnec nad Sázavou and Makovice
Area 56,79 ha
Altitude 260 - 420 m
Established in the Public Notice issued by ONV Benešov in 15.11.1990
součást prezentačního a rezervačního systému Doménová koule ®